Foreign currency reserves are still overwhelmingly in dollars and euros
Russia’s central bank started buying Chinese yuan-denominated assets in the fourth quarter of last year as part of its drive to diversify its foreign-currency reserves.
The central bank said on Monday in a report on its foreign-currency assets that the yuan accounted for 0.1 percent of its foreign-currency assets by the end of 2015.
In the third quarter the yuan had not figured in the central bank’s forex assets.
A central bank spokeswoman said yuan assets did not yet count as part of Russia’s official gold and forex reserves, since the International Monetary Fund has not yet given the yuan reserve asset status.
But it is set to get that status in October this year, in what is seen as an important milestone for China’s recognition as a global economic power.
The share of the U.S. dollar in the central bank’s foreign-currency assets was unchanged over the fourth quarter at 47.5 percent.
The share of the euro fell from 38.9 percent at the end of the third quarter to 37.0 percent at the end of the fourth, while the share of the British pound rose from 9.5 percent to 9.9 percent.
Canadian dollar assets accounted for 3.6 percent of the Russian central bank’s foreign-currency assets as of the end of 2015, versus 3.1 percent three months before.
The share of Japanese yen assets rose from 0.1 percent to 0.9 percent over the fourth quarter, while the percentage of the Australian dollar rose from 1.0 percent to 1.1 percent.
Russia has been striving to diversify its reserves, including by buying gold, in order to make its economy more resilient to external pressure such as sanctions.
The economy is stabilising after a steep recession of 3.7 percent last year prompted by a collapse in international oil prices and Western sanctions over the Ukraine crisis.