By allowing vigilantes to plunge 2 million Crimeans into darkness Ukraine shows it does not think of them as her own people
Originally appeared at Russia Beyond the Headlines
Late on Nov. 21 a group of Ukrainian and Crimean Tatar activists opposed to Russian rule in Crimea blew up pylons in Ukraine’s Kherson Region carrying power lines to the disputed peninsula. Crimea, which despite being administered by Russia since March 2014 continues to receive its power from Ukraine, was thrown into darkness, and most of the region’s two million residents remain without electricity.
Despite the fact that the federal and regional Russian authorities have been getting ready for Crimea's possible disconnection from Ukrainian power lines since last year, the peninsula turned out to be unprepared for the sudden and complete severing of the electricity supply from Ukraine.
Previously, Crimea received 80 percent of its energy from Ukrainian nuclear power plants, and generated only 20 percent at its thermal, solar and wind power stations. So how is the peninsula coping with life without electricity?
Reserve power supplies
Local authorities have installed autonomous sources of power at the most important social facilities – maternity homes, hospitals, blood transfusion stations, children's homes and nursing homes.
Thirteen powerful mobile gas turbine power plants and more than 1,000 diesel generators have been brought from Russia. This has increased Crimea's own generation to 35-40 percent, or 350 MW. However, Crimea normally draws around 850 MW, and 1,200 MW at night during the fall and winter period.
Transportation and lighting
The trolleybus service, which operates on power drawn from overhead lines, has been shut down – in Crimea, this type of transport operates not only in the cities, but also connects the Crimean capital of Simferopol to the resorts on the Black Sea coast – Yalta and Alushta. Trolleybuses have been temporarily replaced with buses.
To save energy, street lighting has been turned off. Boilers have been stopped, since it is around +15C outside for the second week in a row, but at the same time the centralized water and gas supply has been maintained.
Meanwhile, the supply of electricity to Crimeans' homes has been rationed. For example, in Sevastopol, home to more than 400,000 people, the residents are getting two or three hours' supply, followed by a six-hour cut, after which the cycle begins again.
Companies, shops and schools
Many manufacturing facilities have had to suspend production due to the lack of power; they are now suffering heavy losses and still do not know how to cover their shortfalls. Other companies have decided to invest in the purchase of diesel generators. The city continues to bake bread, make preserves and wine. Shipyards continue to fulfill orders.
Most of the chain stores and gas stations, which stockpiled generators during the blackouts of last year, are operating. There are enough food and fuel – they are being delivered from the Russian mainland via the Kerch Strait.
Smaller shops have moved working hours to the daytime, occasionally trading in the evening by candlelight, while city cafes have begun to lure visitors with notices – "Come in, we have light."
"In our neighborhood, only one of the five grocery stores is open. In the evenings, there is a queue there, and you cannot always buy bread. We have stopped buying dairy products, because we doubt that they've been always kept at the right temperature," said Nadezhda Ryabko from Simferopol.
In most cities, holidays have been declared in schools and kindergartens. In Sevastopol, the schools are open, but children are beginning classes later, when it becomes light outside.
In addition, Crimea has started having problems with cellphone access and the internet. It is difficult to get through and conversations are often interrupted. There has been no communication with some cities for several days.
In Sevastopol, the batteries at mobile network stations are additionally fueled by mobile diesel generators to avoid rapid wear, and the situation with communication has stabilized there.
Life in villages and towns
Crimea’s villages have been hit the hardest by the blackout. There has been no electricity since Nov. 22, and many are not supplied with gas. Field kitchens have been sent to the region’s villages by order of the Emergencies Ministry to feed people hot meals, and diesel generators will start to be delivered in the coming days.