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The Bloody Rehearsal: Russia's 1905 Revolution - Testing the Strength of Romanov Resilience

"It is quite ridiculous to fathom that, had some three million staunch Russian Royalists not perished in the Eastern Front, between 1914-1917, the few thousand Marxist butchers in the rear would ever have achieved their criminal objectives. Therefore, the Revolution of 1905, should be seen as a strategic event, triggered simply to gauge the full extent of the resisting mechanisms of the Tsarist State. 

By sacrificing a substantial quantity of useful idiots, the powers that be, came to the realization that Imperial Russia required more than a few thousand-armed terrorists to be brought on its knees. In fact, it would require her to be dragged in a veritable Armageddon by the obstinacy of her own leaders."

"... It was German nobles in high office that particularly troubled the revolutionaries."

(See also this author's excellent recent article on the Jewish role in the destruction of the Greek monarchy in the early 1920s.)

This post first appeared on Russia Insider

‘… The Jews have undoubtedly to a large extent furnished the brains and energy of the revolution throughout Russia.’  -  George von Lengerke Meyer, (then) United States Ambassador to Russia, St. Petersburg, December 30, 1905, extract of letter to United States Secretary of State, Elihu Root.Mark Antony De Wolfe Howe, ‘George Von Lengerke Meyer: His Life and Public Services’, page 239, Dodd, Mead and Company, New York, 1919.

‘… Lenin and Trotsky, who became the High Priests of International Bolshevism in 1917, were also the leading spirits in the revolution of 1905. In the same way that the struggle in 1917 began with the establishment of an illegal Soviet Government side by side with a legally constituted government, so also in 1905 the actual revolution began when Lenin and Trotsky took possession of the building of the Free Economic Society where they established the headquarters of the first Soviet of Workmen’s Deputies, which body challenged Count Witte, at that time Russian Premier. 

In 1905 too, the slogan ‘Seize the land’ was the battle-cry of the revolution which, until it was finally suppressed, developed along the lines of a social revolt directed against private property and the very principle of private property …’ 

-  Boris L. Brasol, representative of Grand Duke Kirill Vladimirovich of Russia in the United States, ‘The World at the Cross Roads’, page 129, Small Maynard &Company, Boston, 1921.

December 1905, Jerwakant, Central Estonia, some 70 kilometers south of Tallinn (Reval). A beautiful German neoclassical manor is engulfed in flames. By the time the young master of the house returns, a nineteen-year-old veteran of the Russo-Japanese war, his estate lies in ruins. The images of desolation were deeply rooted in his memory. He never forgot, nor forgave …Sixteen years later, in May 1921, as the Eurasian lands were submerged in anarchy and terror, he found himself the undisputed master of Mongolia. By fate and circumstance, he was now the last White Russian commander effectively opposing Marxism in Northeast Asia.He led a skeleton formation known as ‘The Asiatic Cavalry Division’, a syncretic group of White Russian Monarchists, Mongolians who had sworn blood oaths in his name, Poles, Manchus and Tartars, soldiers, fortune-seekers and mercenaries, all united by hatred against the evils of Bolshevism and their leaders iron resolve in combating it.

His name was Baron Roman Fyodorovich von Ungern-Sternberg and as the world of his forefathers came crushing down all around him, the thirty-five-year-old Orthodox Russo-German aristocrat was determined to make such a final stand that his name would forever be remembered … and so it did.

Before departing Urga, heading north towards Baikal, to face the red plague, he had stated: 

‘Discipline, principles—the Jews and the workers have destroyed all that. All of it’ - Vladimir Pozner, ‘Bloody Baron: The Story of Ungern-Sternberg’, page 42, Random House, 1938.

And later on, facing his assassins undaunted, he emphatically had stated that ever since the 19th century:

‘(Jews had caused) revolutions, rebellions and the overthrow of monarchy and authority’  -  Sovetskaya Sibir, no. 202 (562), 20 September, 1921.

A good segent about Baron Ungern-Sternberg from the highly popular 'The Great War' channel on YouTube.

Interestingly, and making a short detour, this last statement of his, is nothing short but further acceptance of the thesis once so honestly exclaimed by Benjamin Disraeli, 1st Earl of Beaconsfield, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, quite possibly the greatest politician of Jewish ancestry in the annals of history and one of Britain’s leading conservative ideologues,who so rightly divulged: 

‘An insurrection takes place against tradition and aristocracy, against religion and property … and men of Jewish race are found at the head … 

When the secret societies, in February, 1848, surprised Europe, they were themselves surprised by the unexpected opportunity, and so little capable were they of seizing the occasion, that had it not been for the Jews, who of late years unfortunately have been connecting themselves with these unhallowed associations, imbecile as were the governments, the uncalled-for outbreak would not have ravaged Europe. But the fiery energy and the teeming resources of the children of Israel maintained for a long time the unnecessary and useless struggle. 

If the reader throw his eye over the provisional governments of Germany and Italy, and even of France, formed at that period, he will recognize everywhere the Jewish element.’ 

-  ‘Lord George Bentinck: A Political Biography’, by the Right Honourable Benjamin Disraeli, pages 497-498, Fifth Edition, Colburn & Co, London, 1852.

That been said and before we proceed to the events of the 1905 Revolution, it is interesting to note that, the legacy of Baron Roman von Ungern-Sternberg, despite the wishes of some miscreants, that even have the audacity to write vitriolic pseudo-biographies about him, is thoroughly and positively rooted in the minds of millions. Despite the savage tendencies of his final years, the Baron is, even to this day, revered by the people that owe him the most. In Mongolia, he is considered by many Buddhist and Shamanist adherents as the incarnation of ‘Jamsaran’, the Lord of War. 

In 2014, I met in Athens Mr Ulambayaryn Barsbold, former Mongolian Minister of Environment who, once overcoming the shock that a Greek knew about one of Mongolia’s national heroes, went in great detail explaining to me how in his country’s temples, one can find the Baron’s face engraved in sacred icons and many are those that daily worship him. Unsurprisingly, you won’t find this fact in any 21st century biographies of the man!

To the matter at hand. There is an abundance of primary sources, of great authority, highlighting the premise that the heinous events that occurred in Russia between January-December 1905 and whose aftershock lasted until late June 1907, were orchestrated by the same group of international financiers that, twelve years later, triggered the October Revolution of 1917. In Lenin’s own words: 

‘Without the ‘dress rehearsal’ of 1905, the victory of the October Revolution in 1917 would have been impossible.'

-  Paul Du Quenoy, ‘Stage Fright: Politics and the Performing Arts in Late Imperial Russia’, page 1, The Pennsylvania State University Press, 2009.  

Of course, this statement, as everything else uttered publicly by Lenin, should rightly be considered poisonous misinformative malice. It is quite ridiculous to fathom that, had some three million staunch Russian Royalists not perished in the Eastern Front, between 1914-1917, the few thousand Marxist butchers in the rear would ever have achieved their criminal objectives. Therefore, the Revolution of 1905, should be seen as a strategic event, triggered simply to gauge the full extent of the resisting mechanisms of the Tsarist State. 

By sacrificing a substantial quantity of useful idiots, the powers that be, came to the realization that Imperial Russia required more than a few thousand-armed terrorists to be brought on its knees. In fact, it would require her to be dragged in a veritable Armageddon by the obstinacy of her own leaders. The central artery of the matter though, is neither the reasoning nor the objectives behind the 1905 revolt but rather, the identification of its leading instigators.

The first clue is provided by Russia’s Prime Minister between 1905-1906, the Baltic German aristocrat and esteemed statesman, Count Sergei Yulyevich Witte who, in his own memoirs provides a vivid, albeit brief, introduction:

‘… (in early 1904), my next great task was to secure a foreign loan … The loan was to be an international one, but in view of its large amount, the French group of bankers was to play the leading part. In 1905, I opened preliminary negotiations with Neutzlin, the head of the Banque de Paris et des Pays Bas. After the death of Germain, of the Credit Lyonnais, the Banque de Paris et des Pays Bas became the chief banking institution in the so-called ‘Christian group’ of bankers’ syndicates. 

The other group of banks, known as the ‘Jewish group’, was headed by the Rothschild firm. Old Baron Alphonse Rothschild, with whom I had been on very friendly terms, was already dead, and Lord Rothschild of London was now the head of the family. Consequently, I instructed Rafalovich, our financial agent in Paris, to go to London and find out what was the attitude of the Rothschilds toward our loan. Rafalovich's reply was to the effect that out of respect for Count Witte as a statesman they would willingly render full assistance to the loan, but that they would not be in a position to do so until the Russian Government had enacted legal measures tending to improve the conditions of the Jews in Russia. 

As I deemed it beneath our dignity to connect the solution of our Jewish question with the loan, I decided to give up my intention of securing the participation of the Rothschilds.’

- The Memoirs of Count Witte’, translated to English by Abraham Yarmolinsky, pages292-294, Doubleday, Page & Company, New York & Toronto, 1921.

Eventually, by February 2, 1906, the Count was able to raise the enormous amount of 2,250,000,000 francs (at the time, equivalent to 843,750,000 rubles) via the ‘Christian Banks Group’ although, to put it mildly, at a problematic 6 percent interest. I suppose, with such vast sums, even Christian charity finds its limits. Yet, due to overextending its negotiating pressure, the ‘Jewish Group’ was excluded from establishing a financial foothold in Russia. 

And here, the web begins to untangle. In the period between Count Witte’s initiation of loan inquiries in 1904 and the successful conclusion of his goal in 1906, stands the eruption of the revolution in 1905. According to a ‘secret report’ of the, highly efficient, Russian Foreign Minister, Count Vladimir Nikolayevich Lamsdorf, conveyed to Tsar Nicholas II, on January 3, 1906, the true form of the conspirators was revealed. His illuminating analysis exhibited that:

‘The events which took place in Russia during 1905, and which assumed especially acute forms at the beginning of October last, when after a series of strikes, they brought about an armed revolt in Moscow, and many other towns and localities of the Empire, plainly indicate that the Russian revolutionary movement apart from its deeper, internal, social-economic and political causes has also quite a definite international character … 

The most decisive indications which warrant this conclusion are given by the circumstances that the Russian revolutionaries are in possession of great quantities of arms which are imported from abroad, and of very considerable financial means … however, it must be acknowledged that such support given to the revolutionary movement by sending arms and money from abroad can hardly be ascribed to foreign governments (with very special exceptions, as, for instance, that of Sweden supporting the revolutionary movement in Finland, and of Austria which helped the Poles) one is bound to come to the conclusion that there are foreign capitalist organizations which are interested in supporting our revolutionary movement. 

With this conclusion the fact must be confronted that the Russian revolutionary movement has the outspoken character of a movement of the heterogeneous nationalities of Russia which one after another, Armenians and Georgians, Letts and Esths, Finns, Poles and others, arose against the Imperial Government. ... If we add to the above that, as has been proved beyond any doubt, a very considerable part among these heterogeneous nationalities is played by Jews, who, individually, as ringleaders in the other organizations, as well as through their own (the Jewish Bund in the Western Provinces), have always come forward as the most bellicose element of the revolution, we may feel entitled to assume that the above-mentioned foreign support of the Russian revolutionary movement comes from Jewish capitalist circles. 

In this respect one must not ignore the following concurrences of facts which lead to further conclusions, namely, that the revolutionary movement is not only supported but also to a certain degree directed from abroad. On one hand, the strike broke out with special violence and spread all over Russia not before and not after October, that is, just at the time when our government tried to realize a considerable foreign loan without the participation of the Rothschilds and just in time for preventing the carrying out of this financial operation ; the panic provoked among the buyers and holders of Russian loans could not fail to give additional advantages to the Jewish bankers and capitalists who openly and knowingly speculated upon the fall of the Russian rates. 

Moreover, certain very significant facts, which were also mentioned in the press, quite confirm the obvious connection of the Russian revolutionary movement with the foreign Jewish organizations. Thus, for instance, the above-mentioned importation of arms, which according to our agents' information was carried on from the European Continent through England, can be duly appreciated if we take into consideration that already in June, 1905, a special Anglo-Jewish committee of capitalists was openly established in England for the purpose of collecting money for arming fighting groups of Russian Jews, and that the well-known anti-Russian publicist, Lucien Wolf, was the leading member of this committee. 

On the other hand, in view of the fact that the sad consequences of the revolutionary propaganda affected the Jews themselves, another committee of Jewish capitalists was formed in England, under the leadership of Lord Rothschild, which collected considerable amounts of contributions in England, France and Germany for the officially alleged purpose of helping Russian Jews who suffered from pogroms. 

And lastly, the Jews in America, without thinking it necessary formally to distinguish between the two purposes, collect money for helping the pogrom sufferers and for arming the Jewish youth.’

-  Extracts found in Duke of Northumberland’s ‘The Conspiracy Against the British Empire: Some Leading Facts’, Boswell Print & Publishing Company, page 8, 1921. Also, for full text, see Boris L. Brasol’s, ‘The world at the cross roads’, pages 74-78, Hutchinson & Co, London.

What is even more baffling is that, just twenty-six days later, on January 29, 1906, Kaiser Wilhelm II, writing to Tsar Nicolas II, pretty-much, expressed to his cousin, albeit in a more concise manner, the same point made by Count Lamsdorf in his secret report:

‘… That the French refused a loan to Russia now, has not so much to do with the Moroccan Affair, as she has much calmed down since the opening of the Conference of Algeciras, but to the reports of the Jews from Russia – who are the leaders of the revolt – to their kinsmen in France who have the whole Press under their nefarious influence. 

Berlin is quite full of Russians and noble families fled from the Baltic Provinces. Over 50.000 of your subjects are here. Twenty thousand about at Kongisberg (alone) …’ 

- Isaac Don Levine, ‘Letters from the Kaiser to the Czar’, page 206, Frederick A. Stokes Company, 1920.

Note how the Baltic provinces of the Empire received a substantial portion of the terrorist assault. Due to the fact German expat aristocrats, serving Tsarist Russia for generations, comprised a staunch bulwark against any subversive efforts directed against the Romanov Dynasty, it was only natural for the vested interests to direct their fury against this particular class. The childhood home of Baron von Ungern-Sternberg was just one amongst thousands that was marked for eradication.

It was German nobles in high office that particularly troubled the revolutionaries. The Russian Minister of Interior, Vyacheslav Konstantinovich von Plehve, former head of the dreaded Okhrana, was such a man. Knowing full well what was brewing in the deepest recesses of the underground terrorist movement, as early as 1903, he had spoken to leaders of the Jewish communities in Odessa stating:

‘In Western Russia, some 90% of the revolutionaries are Jews, and in Russia generally – some 40%. I shall not conceal from you that the revolutionary movement in Russia worries us but you should know that if you do not deter your youth from the revolutionary movement, we shall make your position untenable …’ 

- Ronald Segal, ‘Leon Trotsky: a biography’, page 11, Pantheon Books, 1979

Not only was his warning ignored, but in-fact, he became a target for assassination. He survived three attempts until on 28 July 1904, his luck run out as members of the Combat Organization, the paramilitary wing of the terrorist organization ‘Socialist Revolutionary Party’, aided by a mole on the inside, achieved in killing him. His replacement by Prince Pyotr Sviatopolk-Mirsky was a rather unfortunate decision.

These brief examples provide a somewhat robust foundation for any intrigued reader to delve deeper into the matter. The archival material is truly staggering and the documents from official channels, if assembled in their totality, could form entire volumes. The information is out there for anyone resolute enough to seek it. 

The questions arising from this particular event are multiple and complex. The most vital though are the following: Given the fact that the Emperor was privy to what unfolded on the ground, why did he not attempt to definitively resolve the issue by initiating reforms, beneficial to the workers and the farmers, thus depriving the revolutionary authorities, and their financial backers beyond the borders, from their main source of recruitment? 

More so, given the fact this plan never materialized, why did Tsarist authorities so eagerly marched their forces in the Great War, without considering that they would be sacrificing that precious percentage of the population that was inclined by deep conviction to fight and die for the preservation of the Imperial ideal? As events proved, only when the bulk of Tsarist loyalists perished against the Germans and the Austro-Hungarians, did the Marxists dared to reemerge. Could it be that the Emperor was utterly deceived as to the true extent of the threat? Could it be that the suppression of the 1905 revolt had lulled the Monarchists into a false sense of security? 

Whatever the case, it is tragic that the Hohenzollern, the Romanovs and the Habsburgs, although aware of the nefarious hosts assembling against them, did not attempt to do everything in their power in order to avert a European bloodshed that only favored the paragons determined to extirpate Western Civilization.

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