Emeritus Professor Michael Kirkwood was born in 1941. He acquired an Honours degree in German and Russian at the University of Glasgow in 1964, after which he spent a year in post-graduate study at MGU. After his year in Moscow, is academic career was spent at the Universities of Lancaster, England (1966-1982), the School of Slavonic and East European Studies, University of London (1982-1993), finally the University of Glasgow (1993-1998). His principal teaching was in the field of Russian language. His areas of research included language learning and teaching (practice and theory) with special reference to Russian, translation theory and practice, Soviet language policy, and the works of Alexander Zinoviev. He published widely in all those fields, but his principal output was devoted to the work of Alexander Zinoviev.